School Discipline

The Thin Blue Line in Schools: New Evidence on School-Based Policing

While school resource officers (SROs) have become more prevalent in recent years, educators…

Getting Tough? The Effects of Discretionary Principal Discipline on Student Outcomes

The debate over school discipline often devolves into whether stricter rules create more…

Mental and Physical Health

The pandemic presents twin health risks for students and staff. The initial…

Examining Teacher Use of Punishments and Student Outcomes

Since early 1990s, zero-tolerance discipline policies have led schools to rely more heavily…

New Evidence on Racial Disparities in School Discipline

Racial and ethnic disparities in school suspensions have been well documented in education…

Racial Disparities in Elementary School Discipline Practices

The effects of racial disparities in school disciplinary practices has been an increasingly prominent issue…

In Schools, Black Girls Confront Both Racial and Gender Bias

As schools grapple with longstanding racial inequities brought into sharp focus by recent cases of…

School Resource Officers, Discipline and the Feeling of Safety

In the past six months districts across the country, including Minneapolis, Portland, Denver…

Strategies for the New Administration to Strengthen Public Education

Among the many challenges facing the Biden-Harris administration is the future of the nation’s public…

Bias in the Air: Teachers’ Implicit Racial Attitudes

Implicit bias involves prejudicial behaviors or judgments that take place outside of conscious awareness. Subsequently,…

The Effects of New Orleans School Reforms on Discipline

One criticism of New Orleans’ shift to a state-run school school district in the wake…

How School Suspensions Affect Student Achievement

The Philadelphia School District’s decision in 2012 to end suspensions for minor infractions provided fertile…